Thanksgiving Day is a state holiday in the USA, celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. In 2018, it fell on November 22.
It is one of the numerous celebrated holidays in the country. Traditionally, on this day, Americans worshiped God for a rich harvest, now the festival has lost its religious origins and turned into a family celebration. The idea of observing the end of the harvest dates back to the deepest archaism. In North America, this holiday was molded into thanksgiving prayer for a rich harvest, accompanied by great treats. According to some articles, the first Thanksgiving of European settlers took place in 1607 in Jamestown and Maine's colony. However, in most cases, holiday history associated with the migrants who arrived in America from England at the end of 1620.
In the autumn of 1621, the governor of the colony, Plymouth, William Bradford, invited the Indians living in the neighborhood to celebrate with the settlers. A three-day holiday in honor of the first harvest gathered after the hungry winter in the New World, which the colonists experienced thanks mainly to the natives' help. It was the first Thanksgiving Day, but the colonists did not only call it that, but they did not plan to either make it a tradition. The next year there was no celebration. It was re-held only in 1623 after the settlers concerned about the drought long prayed for rain - and got it. For a long time, the holiday was unofficial. European settlers organized the celebrations of autumn harvest at the local level. Each state itself determined the date of the festival.
The first official festival Day was announced in 1777 by the Continental Congress and held on December 18, 1777. In 1789, the first US President George Washington proclaimed the holiday a national event. The date of the "Thanksgiving and Public Prayer Day" (A day of public Thanksgiving and prayer) was November 26, Thursday. However, in subsequent years, Thanksgiving continued to be carried out irregularly. It became a national holiday only in 1863 when President Abraham Lincoln announced that from now on, the last Thursday of November would be celebrated as Thanksgiving Day ed as Thanks-giving Day. However, already the first Thursday of November - so declared the US president Andrew Johnson. In 1869, President Ulysses Grant selected the third Thursday for Thanksgiving.
In the remaining years, Thanksgiving Day celebrated on the last Thursday of November. In 1939-1941, for the expansion of the Christmas shopping season, US President Franklin Roosevelt postponed the holiday on the penultimate Thursday of November. The transfer caused a split among the states - 16 states refused to change the tradition and continued to celebrate the holiday in the old way. After two years of confusion and complaints, on December 26, 1941, Roosevelt signed a law authorizing the celebration of Thanksgiving on the 4th Thursday of November. Over the years of existence, the holiday has developed several traditions that Americans carefully observe. Iseveralary to celebrate Thanksgiving in the house of the elders of the family in the circle of relatives. Native and friends come from all over the country to sit at a standard table. An obligatory attribute of a feast is a turkey (in various versions of its preparation), sweet potatoes yam, cranberry sauce, stuffing from dried cakes with spices, sweet potatoes, pumpkin pie - what historians believe was on the colonists' tables in the distant 17th century. A traditional holiday drink is apple cider. It is served hot and seasoned with spices.
Another tradition of the holiday is the solemn ceremony of pardoning the turkey, held in the White House on the eve of the holiday. Following this tradition, at least one turkey should avoid being on the festive table. According to the most common version, celebrating the Thanksgiving turkey laid in 1947, when the National Federation of Turkey (National Turkey Federation) gave the first bird to US President Harry Truman for the first time. However, it was not until 1963 that President John Kennedy left alive the received bird. US President George HW Bush held the first official pardon ceremony in 1989. Since then, every year, a turkey and its "understudy" (a double is chosen in case if something unexpected happens with the first bird before the ceremony) get rid of the prospect of being fried. Another attribute of the holiday is the traditional costume ceremonies. The first such ceremony was held in 1924 in Detroit. The most famous parade is held annually in New York. It is organized by the largest network of department stores, "Macy" (Macy's). The parade's main attraction is inflatable toys of huge sizes (cartoon characters, fairy tales, and TV shows) carried from Central Park to the department store (between Seventh Avenue and Broadway). Since 1952, the parade has broadcast on television. After Thanksgiving in all the country shops, there is a discovery of traditional pre-Christmas sales since the 1960s. This day is also known as "Black Friday."