Now the time has come for the planting of many vegetable and green crops. But while the weather is making its arrangements. As soon as the rains stop, you need to go to the garden. Cold-resistant crops are sown in February windows and since the beginning of March. These are carrots, parsley, celery, parsnip, dill, coriander, lettuce, watercress, peas, black onion, perennial onions, onion Sevak for greens, sorrel, spinach, these crops can withstand small frosts.
Radishes are also sown in March when the threat of frost passes, and the soil warms up.
After the 15th of March, you need to plant potatoes. Early planting of this crop in the conditions of our hot arid climate allows it to have time to develop, as long as there is sufficient moisture in the soil.
In early April, we plant beets, after about April 10-15, the earth warms up to 13-15 degrees, usually when the thorns bloom. According to popular beliefs, this indicates that the soil has warmed up well. At this time, you need to plant tomatoes with seeds and onion sets.
After the 20th of April, depending on temperature, we begin to sow heat-loving crops: peppers, eggplant, beans.
Since the 25th of April, cucumbers, watermelons, pumpkins, zucchini, zucchini, corn have plants. Try to complete all plantings of vegetables before the 1st of May.
When to plant seedlings?
Plant seedlings for each crop, there must be an appropriate minimum daily average temperature. Early cabbage seedlings have planted in the open ground since the 23rd of March.
From March 25-28 - plant cauliflower seedlings.
From the 5th of April - seedlings of medium cabbage.
Seedlings of early tomatoes plant at a soil temperature of at least 12 degrees from the 20th of April to 30. Seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants plant at an average daily temperature of 13 degrees from the 1st of May to 5. Late cabbage seedlings plant in the first ten days of June.
What can plant from spring to late autumn?
Several green and vegetable crops can be planted from early spring to late autumn, with an interval of 10-15 days always to have their fresh crop. These are green salads, cilantro, dill, parsley, spinach, peas.
Planted a garden, harvested, you can plant again. And so for a year. The only thing in the dry period, especially in the summer, is not to forget to water such crops.
I complained to people who planted salads on my advice so that they did not come up with them in the summer. Hot weather conditions make their adjustments here, so summer crops need much care.
Previously, when our climate was not so hot, we even sowed all green crops in a field on the dry land, and without watering, they gave us a good harvest. Now, summer planting requires more care.
Do not forget to soak the seeds before planting, pre-water the garden where you sow the seeds, take care of the seedlings. Watering and loosening the soil is necessary for a successful result.
How to prepare seeds for planting?
Vegetable seeds must prepare before planting. We pre-soak them all in warm water (15-20 degrees).
So that carrots come up faster and more friendly, or if you do not have much free time, you can soak their seeds in hot water at a temperature of 60 degrees for 30-40 minutes.
To disinfect water, we first add manganese so that the water turns slightly pink, a Trichopolum tablet for fungal diseases, and sodium humate to stimulate growth.
You can soak the seeds in saline. In a salt solution, empty seeds float to the surface, while good ones settle to the bottom.
Soaking time varies for different seeds. Carrot seeds soaked for 12-15 hours, tomatoes - for 5-6 hours.
After that, the seeds are spread in a thin layer, dried well, and planted in the soil. Remember to dry the seeds before planting.
How to plant seeds and thin out them?
Greens, salads, carrots, nigella plant in grows at a distance between rows of 45 cm. Still, we usually interfere with the seeds of carrots and onions with fertilizer in a proportion of one to three (one tablespoon of seeds per three tablespoons of fertilizer), so that it does not get thick and gives strength to grow. If there is no fertilizer, you can use sand. We do this after the seeds have been pickled and dried.
You need to plant seeds in moist soil if the weather is dry, first water the landing site.
Note that you need to water the soil before you put the seeds there, and not after from above. They made rows, watered them, laid seeds there, and buried them.
Carrot and black onion must thin out in two or three stages. First, we remove the weak sprouts, and then the extra ones. Black onion in a row should remain at a distance of 3-4 cm, carrots - at a distance of 5-6 cm.
Seed crops do not water
If you plant green and vegetable crops in the spring with seeds, then you do not need to water them. Otherwise, you can harm. They can use only water if your soil pondered or if you apply drip irrigation. Since now there is a big difference between soil and air moisture, watering is not always practical and useful.
Watering is necessary if you are planting vegetables with seedlings or sowing in summer and autumn.
If there is no drip irrigation, drip irrigation can arrange using five-liter or one and a half-liter bottles. We cut off the top of the bottle, pierce small holes on the bottom with a hot awl. We drop the bottle into the soil. Pour water, and so the moisture gradually flows to the roots. Watering pepper is especially useful.
When will it rise?
Carrots, black onions, sorrel, parsley grow 18-20 days in beneficial weather. People sometimes worry about this. But you just have to wait. Tomatoes sprout in 10-12 days, cucumbers, zucchini in 8-10 days.
Whose seeds need to be stored?
Seeds of different vegetables have a different shelf life.
For example, the seeds of watermelons, pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers can store for up to 10 years. After 4 years of storage, their germination capacity even increases.
But the seeds of the remaining crops are stored no more than 2-3 years. You can not store seeds of onions, carrots, beets, and herbs for a long time. After 2 years of storage, their germination capacity does significantly reduce. It often said that they bought seeds, but they did not sprout. So, the expiration date was expired.
When and what should plant in the second crop?
In the second half of June - early July, it is good to plant carrots, beets, and cucumbers for the second autumn harvest. They can sow in areas from which garlic and potatoes discard after an excellent preliminary watering. But keep in mind that summer plantings of vegetables need constant irrigation.
The second crop of carrots and beets is perfect for storage, and it does not deteriorate.
And summer plantings of cucumbers give a harvest to the frosts.
Previously, when the climate was reasonable, we planted cucumbers on the dry land without water. It turned out well, and they harvested an abundant harvest in September. Now doing it without watering is risky.
Radish sow from the 20th of July to the 10th of August.
Radishes for the second crop sown in August-early September with an interval of 10-15 days for autumn consumption. You receive the crop at the end of September. Radish has a short growing season.
What and when to plant in the winter?
Planting winter garlic and onions are best done during October so that they have time to take root before the frost.
Each culture has its characteristics.
I also want to tell readers about the features of the cultivation of several crops that we grow.
Regan (basil) should be planted now in March with seeds in a well-ventilated area. The distance between the rows is 20-40 cm. The first 2-3 days after the emergence of seedlings, it must be present burdock or newspaper. We grow Regan categories such as Ararat and Violet.
Spinach sow in March. Its seeds must first soak in warm water for two days. The seed placement depth is 3 cm, the distance between the rows is 20cm. The distance between the plants is 8 cm. If you soak the spinach seeds, the seedlings appear after 4-6 days. Of the varieties, I like the most creamy spinach.
Spinach can be planted from spring to late autumn with an interval of 10-15 days. They broke off the bed, ate it, plant a new one. He is very unpretentious.
Sorrel seeds so that the plantings are not dense, we interfere with the sand in a proportion of one to three. Between the rows should be a distance of 30-45 cm. They are seeding, depth 2 cm. Sown, watered, and cover it with a film until seedlings appear.
It is perfect for canning, marinades, and spicy herb tarragon (tarragon) goes to salads. Its bush grows to one and a half meters and can grow in one place for 10 years. It can not be watered and fertilized a lot, because it can lose its aroma because of this.
Salads can be sown from spring to late autumn with an interval of 10-15 days to obtain fresh herbs. The seed placement depth is 2 cm. The distance between the rows is 15 cm. Between the plants, the distance is 5 cm, and if the lettuce rocks, 20 cm.
We plant radish in rows after 15-20 cm. Between plants is a distance of 3-4 cm. The seeding depth is 2 cm. Radish loves watering. Plant radishes in the fall well.
Celery rises for a long time, so it is better to grow seedlings. The growing season is very long. It sowing before harvesting takes 160 days. Parsnip grows at a distance of 10-12 cm between plants. It is good to add when pickling cabbage instead of sugar. I advise you to grow around the variety.
Weather is more important than the lunar calendar
We try to adhere to the lunar calendar when cultivating vegetables, take into account unfavorable days for planting, the growing, and waning moon. But it all depends on the weather. If it rained on time, if there were no frosts, then everything fine. Plants are affected by cold and hot temperatures, and pollination does not occur on such days; this affects yield.
Therefore, despite all our secrets and technologies, the definitive word for getting a good harvest always remains with nature.